Released
Dataset

A global data set of spatially-explicit tropical cyclone exposure (TCE-DAT)

Cite as:

Geiger, Tobias; Frieler, Katja; Bresch, David N. (2017): A global data set of spatially-explicit tropical cyclone exposure (TCE-DAT). GFZ Data Services. https://doi.org/10.5880/pik.2017.008

Status

I   N       R   E   V   I   E   W : Geiger, Tobias; Frieler, Katja; Bresch, David N. (2017): A global data set of spatially-explicit tropical cyclone exposure (TCE-DAT). GFZ Data Services. https://doi.org/10.5880/pik.2017.008

Abstract

Tropical cyclones (TCs) pose a major risk to societies worldwide. While data on observed cyclones tracks (location of the center) and wind speeds is publicly available these data sets do not contain information about the spatial extent of the storm and people or assets exposed. Here, we apply a simplified wind
field model to estimate all areas (grid cells) exposed to wind speeds above 34 knots.


Based on available spatially-explicit data on population densities and Gross Domestic Product (GDP) we estimate 1) the
number of people and 2) the sum of assets exposed to above tropical storm force wind speeds for temporal
changes in historical distribution of population and assets (TCE-hist) and assuming fixed 2015 patterns
(TCE-2015).


The associated spatially-explicit exposure data (TCE-DAT) covers the period 1950 to 2015. It is considered key information to 1) assess the contribution of climatological versus socio-economic drivers of changes in exposure to tropical cyclones, 2) estimate changes in vulnerability from the difference
in exposure and reported damages and calibrate associated damage functions, and 3) build improved exposure-based predictors to estimate higher-level societal impacts such as long-term effects on GDP,
employment, or migration.


We validate the adequateness of our methodology by comparing our exposure
estimate to estimated exposure obtained from reported wind fields available since 1988 for the United States. We expect that the free availability of the underlying model and TCE-DAT will make research on
tropical cyclone risks more accessible to non-experts and stakeholders.


Files included in the zip folder:

(1) TCE-DAT_single_events_historical.zip: Zipped archive containing 2707 files with exposed population
and assets by grid cell using historical socio-economic exposure estimates.
(2) TCE-DAT_single_events_2015.zip: Zipped archive containing 2713 files with exposed population
and assets by grid cell using fixed socio-economic exposure at 2015 values.
(3) Data-description_TCE-DAT_2017.008.pdf: full description of the data set including information on data sources and the description of variables/ data columns


Additional information on each TC event in the zipped archive (e.g. TC name, NatCatSERVICE_ID,
genesis_basin, aggregated exposure estimates by country) are available in the exposure data sets aggregated
on country-event level (see Geiger et al., 2017; http://doi.org/10.5880/pik.2017.005 for details).

Authors

  • Geiger, Tobias;Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research, Potsdam, Germany
  • Frieler, Katja;Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research, Potsdam, Germany
  • Bresch, David N.;Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, ETH: Zurich, Switzerland

Contact

  • Geiger, Tobias; Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research, Potsdam, Germany;

Keywords

climate risk modeling, socio-economic exposure, natural disasters, environmental risk assessment

GCMD Science Keywords

More Metadata

  • datacite:  /  download xml
    • resource (xsi:schemaLocation=http://datacite.org/schema/kernel-4 http://schema.datacite.org/meta/kernel-4.3/metadata.xsd)
      • identifier (identifierType=DOI): 10.5880/pik.2017.008
      • creators
        • creator
          • creatorName: Geiger, Tobias
          • nameIdentifier (nameIdentifierScheme=ORCID): 0000-0002-8059-8270
          • affiliation: Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research, Potsdam, Germany
        • creator
          • creatorName: Frieler, Katja
          • nameIdentifier (nameIdentifierScheme=ORCID): 0000-0003-4869-3013
          • affiliation: Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research, Potsdam, Germany
        • creator
          • creatorName: Bresch, David N.
          • nameIdentifier (nameIdentifierScheme=ORCID): 0000-0002-8431-4263
          • affiliation:  Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, ETH: Zurich, Switzerland
      • titles
        • title: A global data set of spatially-explicit tropical cyclone exposure (TCE-DAT)
      • publisher: GFZ Data Services
      • publicationYear: 2017
      • subjects
        • subject: climate risk modeling
        • subject: socio-economic exposure
        • subject: natural disasters
        • subject (subjectScheme=NASA/GCMD Earth Science Keywords): EARTH SCIENCE > HUMAN DIMENSIONS > NATURAL HAZARDS > TROPICAL CYCLONES
        • subject (subjectScheme=NASA/GCMD Earth Science Keywords): EARTH SCIENCE > HUMAN DIMENSIONS > POPULATION
        • subject (subjectScheme=NASA/GCMD Earth Science Keywords): EARTH SCIENCE > HUMAN DIMENSIONS > SOCIOECONOMICS
        • subject (subjectScheme=GEMET - INSPIRE themes, version 1.0): environmental risk assessment
      • contributors
        • contributor (contributorType=ContactPerson)
          • contributorName: Geiger, Tobias
          • affiliation: Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research, Potsdam, Germany
      • resourceType (resourceTypeGeneral=Dataset): Dataset
      • relatedIdentifiers
        • relatedIdentifier (relatedIdentifierType=DOI relationType=References): 10.1175/2008MWR2395.1
        • relatedIdentifier (relatedIdentifierType=DOI relationType=References): 10.1177/0959683609356587
        • relatedIdentifier (relatedIdentifierType=DOI relationType=References): 10.1111/j.1466-8238.2010.00587.x
        • relatedIdentifier (relatedIdentifierType=DOI relationType=References): 10.1175/2009BAMS2755.1
        • relatedIdentifier (relatedIdentifierType=URL relationType=References): https://arxiv.org/abs/1610.09041
        • relatedIdentifier (relatedIdentifierType=URL relationType=References): https://github.com/davidnbresch/climada
        • relatedIdentifier (relatedIdentifierType=URL relationType=References): http://www.munichre.com/ natcatservice
        • relatedIdentifier (relatedIdentifierType=DOI relationType=References): 10.5880/pik.2017.005
        • relatedIdentifier (relatedIdentifierType=DOI relationType=IsPartOf): 10.5880/pik.2017.011
        • relatedIdentifier (relatedIdentifierType=DOI relationType=IsSupplementTo): 10.5194/essd-10-185-2018
        • relatedIdentifier (relatedIdentifierType=DOI relationType=Cites): 10.5880/pik.2017.007
        • relatedIdentifier (relatedIdentifierType=DOI relationType=Continues): 10.5880/pik.2017.005
      • sizes: 
      • formats: 
      • rightsList
        • rights (rightsURI=http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/): CC BY 4.0
      • descriptions
        • description (descriptionType=Abstract)
          • br: 
          • br: 
          • br: 
          • br: 
          • br: 
          • br: 
          • br: 
          • br: 
          • br: 
          • br: 
          • br: 
          • br: 
          • br: 
          • br: 
          • br: 
          • br: 
          • br: 
          • br: 
          • br: 
          • br: 
          • br: 
          • br: 
          • br: 
          • br: 
          • br: 
          • br: 
          • br: 
          • br: 
          • br: 
          • br: 
          • br: 
          • br: 
      • geoLocations
        • geoLocation
          • geoLocationBox
            • westBoundLongitude: -180
            • eastBoundLongitude: 180
            • southBoundLatitude: -90
            • northBoundLatitude: 90
  • iso19115:  /  download xml
    • MD_Metadata (xsi:schemaLocation=http://www.isotc211.org/2005/gmd http://www.isotc211.org/2005/gmd/gmd.xsd)
      • fileIdentifier
        • CharacterString: 10.5880/pik.2017.008
      • language
        • LanguageCode (codeList=http://www.loc.gov/standards/iso639-2/ codeListValue=eng): eng
      • characterSet
        • MD_CharacterSetCode (codeListValue=utf8 codeList=http://www.isotc211.org/2005/resources/codeList.xml#MD_CharacterSetCode): 
      • hierarchyLevel
        • MD_ScopeCode (codeList=http://www.isotc211.org/2005/resources/Codelist/gmxCodelists.xml#MD_ScopeCode codeListValue=dataset): dataset
      • hierarchyLevelName
        • CharacterString: 
      • contact
        • CI_ResponsibleParty
          • organisationName
            • CharacterString: GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences
          • contactInfo
            • CI_Contact
              • address
                • CI_Address
                  • electronicMailAddress
                    • CharacterString: datapub(_at_)gfz-potsdam.de
              • onlineResource
                • CI_OnlineResource
                  • linkage
                    • URL: http://www.gfz-potsdam.de
                  • name
                    • CharacterString: Helmholtz-Centre Potsdam - GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences
                  • description
                    • CharacterString: Helmholtz-Centre Potsdam - GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences
          • role
            • CI_RoleCode (codeList=http://www.isotc211.org/2005/resources/Codelist/gmxCodelists.xml#CI_RoleCode codeListValue=pointOfContact): pointOfContact
      • dateStamp
        • Date: 2018-01-26
      • referenceSystemInfo
        • MD_ReferenceSystem
          • referenceSystemIdentifier
            • RS_Identifier
              • code
                • CharacterString: urn:ogc:def:crs:EPSG:4326
      • identificationInfo
        • MD_DataIdentification
          • citation
            • CI_Citation
              • title
                • CharacterString: A global data set of spatially-explicit tropical cyclone exposure (TCE-DAT)
              • date
                • CI_Date
                  • date
                    • Date: 2018-01-26
                  • dateType
                    • CI_DateTypeCode (codeList=http://www.isotc211.org/2005/resources/Codelist/gmxCodelists.xml#CI_DateTypeCode codeListValue=revision): revision
              • identifier
                • MD_Identifier
                  • code
                    • CharacterString: doi:10.5880/pik.2017.008
              • citedResponsibleParty (xlink:href=http://orcid.org/0000-0002-8059-8270)
                • CI_ResponsibleParty
                  • individualName
                    • CharacterString: Geiger, Tobias
                  • organisationName
                    • CharacterString: Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research, Potsdam, Germany
                  • role
                    • CI_RoleCode (codeList=http://www.isotc211.org/2005/resources/Codelist/gmxCodelists.xml#CI_RoleCode codeListValue=author): author
              • citedResponsibleParty (xlink:href=http://orcid.org/0000-0003-4869-3013)
                • CI_ResponsibleParty
                  • individualName
                    • CharacterString: Frieler, Katja
                  • organisationName
                    • CharacterString: Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research, Potsdam, Germany
                  • role
                    • CI_RoleCode (codeList=http://www.isotc211.org/2005/resources/Codelist/gmxCodelists.xml#CI_RoleCode codeListValue=author): author
              • citedResponsibleParty (xlink:href=http://orcid.org/0000-0002-8431-4263)
                • CI_ResponsibleParty
                  • individualName
                    • CharacterString: Bresch, David N.
                  • organisationName
                    • CharacterString:  Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, ETH: Zurich, Switzerland
                  • role
                    • CI_RoleCode (codeList=http://www.isotc211.org/2005/resources/Codelist/gmxCodelists.xml#CI_RoleCode codeListValue=author): author
              • citedResponsibleParty
                • CI_ResponsibleParty
                  • organisationName
                    • CharacterString: GFZ Data Services
                  • role
                    • CI_RoleCode (codeList=http://www.isotc211.org/2005/resources/Codelist/gmxCodelists.xml#CI_RoleCode codeListValue=publisher): publisher
          • abstract
            • CharacterString: Tropical cyclones (TCs) pose a major risk to societies worldwide. While data on observed cyclones tracks (location of the center) and wind speeds is publicly available these data sets do not contain information about the spatial extent of the storm and people or assets exposed. Here, we apply a simplified wind field model to estimate all areas (grid cells) exposed to wind speeds above 34 knots. Based on available spatially-explicit data on population densities and Gross Domestic Product (GDP) we estimate 1) the number of people and 2) the sum of assets exposed to above tropical storm force wind speeds for temporal changes in historical distribution of population and assets (TCE-hist) and assuming fixed 2015 patterns (TCE-2015). The associated spatially-explicit exposure data (TCE-DAT) covers the period 1950 to 2015. It is considered key information to 1) assess the contribution of climatological versus socio-economic drivers of changes in exposure to tropical cyclones, 2) estimate changes in vulnerability from the difference in exposure and reported damages and calibrate associated damage functions, and 3) build improved exposure-based predictors to estimate higher-level societal impacts such as long-term effects on GDP, employment, or migration. We validate the adequateness of our methodology by comparing our exposure estimate to estimated exposure obtained from reported wind fields available since 1988 for the United States. We expect that the free availability of the underlying model and TCE-DAT will make research on tropical cyclone risks more accessible to non-experts and stakeholders. Files included in the zip folder: (1) TCE-DAT_single_events_historical.zip: Zipped archive containing 2707 files with exposed population and assets by grid cell using historical socio-economic exposure estimates. (2) TCE-DAT_single_events_2015.zip: Zipped archive containing 2713 files with exposed population and assets by grid cell using fixed socio-economic exposure at 2015 values. (3) Data-description_TCE-DAT_2017.008.pdf: full description of the data set including information on data sources and the description of variables/ data columns Additional information on each TC event in the zipped archive (e.g. TC name, NatCatSERVICE_ID, genesis_basin, aggregated exposure estimates by country) are available in the exposure data sets aggregated on country-event level (see Geiger et al., 2017; http://doi.org/10.5880/pik.2017.005 for details).
          • status
            • MD_ProgressCode (codeList=http://www.isotc211.org/2005/resources/Codelist/gmxCodelists.xml#MD_ProgressCode codeListValue=Complete): Complete
          • pointOfContact
            • CI_ResponsibleParty
              • individualName
                • CharacterString: Geiger, Tobias
              • organisationName
                • CharacterString: Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research, Potsdam, Germany
              • contactInfo
                • CI_Contact
                  • address
                    • CI_Address
                      • electronicMailAddress
                        • CharacterString: geiger(_at_)pik-potsdam.de
              • role
                • CI_RoleCode (codeList=http://www.isotc211.org/2005/resources/Codelist/gmxCodelists.xml#CI_RoleCode codeListValue=pointOfContact): pointOfContact
          • descriptiveKeywords
            • MD_Keywords
              • keyword
                • CharacterString: climate risk modeling
              • keyword
                • CharacterString: socio-economic exposure
              • keyword
                • CharacterString: natural disasters
          • descriptiveKeywords
            • MD_Keywords
              • keyword
                • CharacterString: EARTH SCIENCE > HUMAN DIMENSIONS > NATURAL HAZARDS > TROPICAL CYCLONES
              • keyword
                • CharacterString: EARTH SCIENCE > HUMAN DIMENSIONS > POPULATION
              • keyword
                • CharacterString: EARTH SCIENCE > HUMAN DIMENSIONS > SOCIOECONOMICS
              • thesaurusName
                • CI_Citation
                  • title
                    • CharacterString: NASA/GCMD Earth Science Keywords
                  • date
                    • CI_Date
                      • date (gco:nilReason=missing): 
                      • dateType
                        • CI_DateTypeCode (codeList=http://www.isotc211.org/2005/resources/Codelist/gmxCodelists.xml#CI_DateTypeCode codeListValue=publication): publication
          • descriptiveKeywords
            • MD_Keywords
              • keyword
                • CharacterString: environmental risk assessment
              • thesaurusName
                • CI_Citation
                  • title
                    • CharacterString: GEMET - INSPIRE themes, version 1.0
                  • date
                    • CI_Date
                      • date (gco:nilReason=missing): 
                      • dateType
                        • CI_DateTypeCode (codeList=http://www.isotc211.org/2005/resources/Codelist/gmxCodelists.xml#CI_DateTypeCode codeListValue=publication): publication
          • resourceConstraints (xlink:href=http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/)
            • MD_Constraints
              • useLimitation
                • CharacterString: CC BY 4.0
          • resourceConstraints
            • MD_LegalConstraints
              • accessConstraints
                • MD_RestrictionCode (codeList=http://www.isotc211.org/2005/resources/codeList.xml#MD_RestrictionCode codeListValue=otherRestrictions): 
              • otherConstraints
                • CharacterString: CC BY 4.0
          • resourceConstraints
            • MD_SecurityConstraints
              • classification
                • MD_ClassificationCode (codeList=http://www.isotc211.org/2005/resources/codeList.xml#MD_ClassificationCode codeListValue=unclassified): 
          • aggregationInfo
            • MD_AggregateInformation
              • aggregateDataSetIdentifier
                • RS_Identifier
                  • code
                    • CharacterString: 10.1175/2008MWR2395.1
                  • codeSpace
                    • CharacterString: DOI
              • associationType
                • DS_AssociationTypeCode (codeList=http://datacite.org/schema/kernel-4 codeListValue=References): References
          • aggregationInfo
            • MD_AggregateInformation
              • aggregateDataSetIdentifier
                • RS_Identifier
                  • code
                    • CharacterString: 10.1177/0959683609356587
                  • codeSpace
                    • CharacterString: DOI
              • associationType
                • DS_AssociationTypeCode (codeList=http://datacite.org/schema/kernel-4 codeListValue=References): References
          • aggregationInfo
            • MD_AggregateInformation
              • aggregateDataSetIdentifier
                • RS_Identifier
                  • code
                    • CharacterString: 10.1111/j.1466-8238.2010.00587.x
                  • codeSpace
                    • CharacterString: DOI
              • associationType
                • DS_AssociationTypeCode (codeList=http://datacite.org/schema/kernel-4 codeListValue=References): References
          • aggregationInfo
            • MD_AggregateInformation
              • aggregateDataSetIdentifier
                • RS_Identifier
                  • code
                    • CharacterString: 10.1175/2009BAMS2755.1
                  • codeSpace
                    • CharacterString: DOI
              • associationType
                • DS_AssociationTypeCode (codeList=http://datacite.org/schema/kernel-4 codeListValue=References): References
          • aggregationInfo
            • MD_AggregateInformation
              • aggregateDataSetIdentifier
                • RS_Identifier
                  • code
                    • CharacterString: https://arxiv.org/abs/1610.09041
                  • codeSpace
                    • CharacterString: URL
              • associationType
                • DS_AssociationTypeCode (codeList=http://datacite.org/schema/kernel-4 codeListValue=References): References
          • aggregationInfo
            • MD_AggregateInformation
              • aggregateDataSetIdentifier
                • RS_Identifier
                  • code
                    • CharacterString: https://github.com/davidnbresch/climada
                  • codeSpace
                    • CharacterString: URL
              • associationType
                • DS_AssociationTypeCode (codeList=http://datacite.org/schema/kernel-4 codeListValue=References): References
          • aggregationInfo
            • MD_AggregateInformation
              • aggregateDataSetIdentifier
                • RS_Identifier
                  • code
                    • CharacterString: http://www.munichre.com/ natcatservice
                  • codeSpace
                    • CharacterString: URL
              • associationType
                • DS_AssociationTypeCode (codeList=http://datacite.org/schema/kernel-4 codeListValue=References): References
          • aggregationInfo
            • MD_AggregateInformation
              • aggregateDataSetIdentifier
                • RS_Identifier
                  • code
                    • CharacterString: 10.5880/pik.2017.005
                  • codeSpace
                    • CharacterString: DOI
              • associationType
                • DS_AssociationTypeCode (codeList=http://datacite.org/schema/kernel-4 codeListValue=References): References
          • aggregationInfo
            • MD_AggregateInformation
              • aggregateDataSetIdentifier
                • RS_Identifier
                  • code
                    • CharacterString: 10.5880/pik.2017.011
                  • codeSpace
                    • CharacterString: DOI
              • associationType
                • DS_AssociationTypeCode (codeList=http://datacite.org/schema/kernel-4 codeListValue=IsPartOf): IsPartOf
          • aggregationInfo
            • MD_AggregateInformation
              • aggregateDataSetIdentifier
                • RS_Identifier
                  • code
                    • CharacterString: 10.5194/essd-10-185-2018
                  • codeSpace
                    • CharacterString: DOI
              • associationType
                • DS_AssociationTypeCode (codeList=http://datacite.org/schema/kernel-4 codeListValue=IsSupplementTo): IsSupplementTo
          • aggregationInfo
            • MD_AggregateInformation
              • aggregateDataSetIdentifier
                • RS_Identifier
                  • code
                    • CharacterString: 10.5880/pik.2017.007
                  • codeSpace
                    • CharacterString: DOI
              • associationType
                • DS_AssociationTypeCode (codeList=http://datacite.org/schema/kernel-4 codeListValue=Cites): Cites
          • aggregationInfo
            • MD_AggregateInformation
              • aggregateDataSetIdentifier
                • RS_Identifier
                  • code
                    • CharacterString: 10.5880/pik.2017.005
                  • codeSpace
                    • CharacterString: DOI
              • associationType
                • DS_AssociationTypeCode (codeList=http://datacite.org/schema/kernel-4 codeListValue=Continues): Continues
          • language
            • CharacterString: eng
          • characterSet
            • MD_CharacterSetCode (codeListValue=utf8 codeList=http://www.isotc211.org/2005/resources/codeList.xml#MD_CharacterSetCode): 
          • topicCategory
            • MD_TopicCategoryCode: geoscientificInformation
          • extent
            • EX_Extent
              • geographicElement
                • EX_GeographicBoundingBox
                  • westBoundLongitude
                    • Decimal: -180
                  • eastBoundLongitude
                    • Decimal: 180
                  • southBoundLatitude
                    • Decimal: -90
                  • northBoundLatitude
                    • Decimal: 90
      • distributionInfo
        • MD_Distribution
          • transferOptions
            • MD_DigitalTransferOptions
              • onLine
                • CI_OnlineResource
                  • linkage
                    • URL: http://doi.org/10.5880/pik.2017.008
                  • protocol
                    • CharacterString: WWW:LINK-1.0-http--link
                  • name
                    • CharacterString: Data Access - DOI
                  • description
                    • CharacterString: Data Access - DOI
                  • function
                    • CI_OnLineFunctionCode (codeList=http://www.isotc211.org/2005/resources/Codelist/gmxCodelists.xml#CI_OnLineFunctionCode codeListValue=http://www.isotc211.org/2005/resources/Codelist/gmxCodelists.xml#CI_OnLineFunctionCode_information): information
      • dataQualityInfo
        • DQ_DataQuality
          • scope
            • DQ_Scope
              • level
                • MD_ScopeCode (codeListValue=dataset codeList=http://www.isotc211.org/2005/resources/codeList.xml#MD_ScopeCode): 

Location

Click/hover over markers or bounding boxes to see related details. Click/hover over details to see related marker or bounding box.

    Files

    License: CC BY 4.0

    Dataset Description

    Supplement to