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Trace elements in white mica and tourmaline from the Panasqueira W-Sn-Cu deposit (Portugal)

Cite as:

Codeço, Marta S.; Weis, Philipp; Trumbull, Robert B.; van Hinsberg, Vincent; Pinto, Filipe; Lecumberri-Sanchez, Pilar; Schleicher, Anja Maria (2019): Trace elements in white mica and tourmaline from the Panasqueira W-Sn-Cu deposit (Portugal). GFZ Data Services. http://doi.org/10.5880/GFZ.3.1.2019.001

Status

I   N       R   E   V   I   E   W : Codeço, Marta S.; Weis, Philipp; Trumbull, Robert B.; van Hinsberg, Vincent; Pinto, Filipe; Lecumberri-Sanchez, Pilar; Schleicher, Anja Maria (2019): Trace elements in white mica and tourmaline from the Panasqueira W-Sn-Cu deposit (Portugal). GFZ Data Services. http://doi.org/10.5880/GFZ.3.1.2019.001

Abstract

Geochemistry is one of the most important tools for exploring and understanding mineral resources. Typically, hydrothermal ore deposits are characterized by primary alteration halos. At Panasqueira, the hydrothermal alteration forms a variably thick alteration halo, characterized by a strong tourmalinization (± muscovitization) of the wall rocks enclosing the mineralized veins. Tourmaline and mica are ubiquitous minerals at the world-class Panasqueira W-Sn-Cu deposit and coexist in many others hydrothermal ore deposits worldwide. Both minerals are well-known to host variable amounts of trace elements and therefore suitable was tracers for fluid source and composition. Major, minor and trace elements of the altered and unaltered metasediments from Panasqueira area were analysed by XRF and ICP-MS. We further analyzed tourmaline and white mica major, minor and trace elements compositions by laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS) in previously well-characterized samples from different locations/setting in the mine (greisen, vein-selvages, wall-rock alteration zones, fault zone and late-vugs).

Detailed information about the the samples used, the location and general geological background of the samples and the analytical methods are provided in the data description file (2019-001_Codeco-et-al_data-description.pdf).

Additional Information

Panasqueira is a world-class W-Sn-Cu lode-type deposit located in Castelo Branco district (Beira Baixa, central Portugal). The ore deposit consists of a swarm of sub-horizontal veins associated to a Late-Variscan S-type granite and enclosed by a metasedimentary unit of Late Ediacaran to Early Cambrian age (e.g., Kelly and Rye, 1979; Romão et al., 2013).
The veins are mainly composed of gangue quartz, muscovite and minor carbonates, apatite, topaz, topaz, fluorite, tourmaline, rutile, ilmenite, arsenopyrite, sphalerite, pyrite, marcasite, stannite and pyrrhotite. Mineralization of wolframite, chalcopyrite and cassiterite is predominantly hosted in veins with minor stringers and lenses of sulfide minerals in the wall rocks (e.g., Kelly and Rye, 1979; Polya, 1989; Polya et al., 2000). Although there is a strong variation in the vein mineralogy, typically the quartz vein-filling is rimmed by a muscovite up to 4-5 cm thick. The hydrothermal alteration produced a 2 to 30 cm thick tourmaline-rich alteration halo in the host metasediments (Bussink, 1984).

Methods

The analyzed samples are described by Codeço et al. (2017), Codeço et al. (2018) and Codeço et al. (in prep.). In those works, chemical (major and trace elements) and boron isotopic compositions of tourmaline and white mica, and whole rock chemistry of altered and unaltered metasediments are presented and discussed. Further details on sample description can be found in the file “SampleDescription.xlsx”. Figure 2 shows the location of the drill holes were samples for petrography and whole rock geochemistry were collected and of the samples containing tourmaline and mica.

Dataset Contact

  • Codeço, Marta S. (Research associate (doctoral candidate)) ; GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences, Telegrafenberg, 14473 Potsdam, Germany;

Contributors

Jung, Anna; Rothe, Heike; Kirsten, Elger; Gottsche, Andrea

Keywords

Geochemistry, hydrothermal alteration, whole-rock chemistry, tourmaline, white mica, muscovite, LA-ICP-MS, trace elements, Panasqueira, magmatic-hydrothermal systems

GCMD Science Keywords

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      • publisher: GFZ Data Services
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        • subject: hydrothermal alteration
        • subject: whole-rock chemistry
        • subject: tourmaline
        • subject: white mica
        • subject: muscovite
        • subject: LA-ICP-MS
        • subject: trace elements
        • subject: Panasqueira
        • subject: magmatic-hydrothermal systems
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        • subject (schemeURI=http://gcmdservices.gsfc.nasa.gov/kms/concepts/concept_scheme/sciencekeywords subjectScheme=NASA/GCMD Earth Science Keywords xml:lang=en): EARTH SCIENCE > SOLID EARTH > GEOCHEMISTRY > GEOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES > CHEMICAL CONCENTRATIONS
      • contributors
        • contributor (contributorType=DataCollector)
          • contributorName: Jung, Anna
          • givenName: Anna
          • familyName: Jung
          • affiliation: Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, McGill University, Montreal, Canada
        • contributor (contributorType=DataCollector)
          • contributorName: Rothe, Heike
          • givenName: Heike
          • familyName: Rothe
          • affiliation: GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences, Potsdam, Germany
        • contributor (contributorType=DataCurator)
          • contributorName: Kirsten, Elger
          • givenName: Elger
          • familyName: Kirsten
          • nameIdentifier (nameIdentifierScheme=ORCID): 0000-0001-5140-8602
          • affiliation: GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences, Potsdam, Germany
        • contributor (contributorType=DataCollector)
          • contributorName: Gottsche, Andrea
          • givenName: Andrea
          • familyName: Gottsche
          • affiliation: GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences, Potsdam, Germany
      • language: en
      • resourceType (resourceTypeGeneral=Dataset): 
      • relatedIdentifiers
        • relatedIdentifier (relatedIdentifierType=DOI relationType=IsSupplementTo): DOI of paper when available
        • relatedIdentifier (relatedIdentifierType=URL relationType=References): https://dspace.library.uu.nl/handle/1874/237317
        • relatedIdentifier (relatedIdentifierType=DOI relationType=References): 10.1016/j.chemgeo.2017.07.011
        • relatedIdentifier (relatedIdentifierType=DOI relationType=References): 10.1111/j.1751-908X.2001.tb00790.x
        • relatedIdentifier (relatedIdentifierType=DOI relationType=References): 10.1111/j.1751-908X.2001.tb00616.x
        • relatedIdentifier (relatedIdentifierType=DOI relationType=References): 10.1111/j.1751-908X.2015.00392.x
        • relatedIdentifier (relatedIdentifierType=DOI relationType=References): 10.2113/gsecongeo.74.8.1721
        • relatedIdentifier (relatedIdentifierType=DOI relationType=References): 10.1016/S0016-7037(00)00459-2
        • relatedIdentifier (relatedIdentifierType=DOI relationType=References): 10.2113/gsecongeo.84.5.1134
        • relatedIdentifier (relatedIdentifierType=DOI relationType=References): 10.1111/j.1751-908X.2006.tb00910.x
        • relatedIdentifier (relatedIdentifierType=URL relationType=References): http://hdl.handle.net/10400.9/2241
        • relatedIdentifier (relatedIdentifierType=DOI relationType=References): 10.1016/j.gr.2009.09.004
      • sizes
        • size: 2 Files
      • formats
        • format: application/octet-stream
        • format: application/octet-stream
      • rightsList
        • rights (rightsURI=http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/): CC BY 4.0
      • descriptions
        • description (descriptionType=Abstract)
          • br: 
          • br: 
        • description (descriptionType=Other)
          • br: 
        • description (descriptionType=Methods)
          • br: 
      • geoLocations
        • geoLocation
          • geoLocationBox
            • westBoundLongitude: -7.776058
            • eastBoundLongitude: -7.64282
            • southBoundLatitude: 40.146782
            • northBoundLatitude: 40.182354
          • geoLocationPlace: Minas da Panasqueira, Covilhã, Portugal
      • fundingReferences
        • fundingReference
          • funderName: Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung
          • funderIdentifier (funderIdentifierType=Crossref Funder ID): http://doi.org/10.13039/501100002347
          • awardNumber: 033R149
          • awardTitle: GRAMME
  • dif:  /  download xml
    • DIF (xsi:schemaLocation=http://gcmd.gsfc.nasa.gov/Aboutus/xml/dif/ http://gcmd.nasa.gov/Aboutus/xml/dif/dif_v9.8.2.xsd)
      • Entry_ID: 10.5880/GFZ.3.1.2019.001
      • Entry_Title: Trace elements in white mica and tourmaline from the Panasqueira W-Sn-Cu deposit (Portugal)
      • Data_Set_Citation
        • Dataset_Creator: Codeço, Marta S.; Weis, Philipp; Trumbull, Robert B.; van Hinsberg, Vincent; Pinto, Filipe; Lecumberri-Sanchez, Pilar; Schleicher, Anja Maria
        • Dataset_Title: Trace elements in white mica and tourmaline from the Panasqueira W-Sn-Cu deposit (Portugal)
        • Dataset_Release_Date: 2019
        • Dataset_Release_Place: Potsdam, Germany
        • Dataset_Publisher: GFZ Data Services
        • Online_Resource: http://dx.doi.org/10.5880/GFZ.3.1.2019.001
      • Parameters
        • Category: EARTH SCIENCE
        • Topic: SOLID EARTH
        • Term: ROCKS/MINERALS/CRYSTALS
        • Variable_Level_1: IGNEOUS ROCKS
        • Variable_Level_2: IGNEOUS ROCK PHYSICAL/OPTICAL PROPERTIES
        • Variable_Level_3: COMPOSITION/TEXTURE
      • Parameters
        • Category: EARTH SCIENCE
        • Topic: SOLID EARTH
        • Term: ROCKS/MINERALS/CRYSTALS
        • Variable_Level_1: METAMORPHIC ROCKS
        • Variable_Level_2: METAMORPHIC ROCK PHYSICAL/OPTICAL PROPERTIES
        • Variable_Level_3: COMPOSITION/TEXTURE
      • Parameters
        • Category: EARTH SCIENCE
        • Topic: SOLID EARTH
        • Term: ROCKS/MINERALS/CRYSTALS
        • Variable_Level_1: MINERALS
        • Variable_Level_2: MINERAL PHYSICAL/OPTICAL PROPERTIES
        • Variable_Level_3: COMPOSITION/TEXTURE
      • Parameters
        • Category: EARTH SCIENCE
        • Topic: SOLID EARTH
        • Term: GEOCHEMISTRY
        • Variable_Level_1: GEOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES
        • Variable_Level_2: CHEMICAL CONCENTRATIONS
      • ISO_Topic_Category: geoscientificInformation
      • Keyword: Geochemistry
      • Keyword: hydrothermal alteration
      • Keyword: whole-rock chemistry
      • Keyword: tourmaline
      • Keyword: white mica
      • Keyword: muscovite
      • Keyword: LA-ICP-MS
      • Keyword: trace elements
      • Keyword: Panasqueira
      • Keyword: magmatic-hydrothermal systems
      • Spatial_Coverage
        • Southernmost_Latitude: 40.146782
        • Northernmost_Latitude: 40.182354
        • Westernmost_Longitude: -7.776058
        • Easternmost_Longitude: -7.64282
      • Data_Center
        • Data_Center_Name
          • Short_Name: Deutsches GeoForschungsZentrum GFZ
          • Long_Name: GFZ
        • Personnel
          • Role: DATA CENTER CONTACT
          • Last_Name: Deutsches GeoForschungsZentrum GFZ
      • Summary
        • Abstract: Geochemistry is one of the most important tools for exploring and understanding mineral resources. Typically, hydrothermal ore deposits are characterized by primary alteration halos. At Panasqueira, the hydrothermal alteration forms a variably thick alteration halo, characterized by a strong tourmalinization (± muscovitization) of the wall rocks enclosing the mineralized veins. Tourmaline and mica are ubiquitous minerals at the world-class Panasqueira W-Sn-Cu deposit and coexist in many others hydrothermal ore deposits worldwide. Both minerals are well-known to host variable amounts of trace elements and therefore suitable was tracers for fluid source and composition. Major, minor and trace elements of the altered and unaltered metasediments from Panasqueira area were analysed by XRF and ICP-MS. We further analyzed tourmaline and white mica major, minor and trace elements compositions by laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS) in previously well-characterized samples from different locations/setting in the mine (greisen, vein-selvages, wall-rock alteration zones, fault zone and late-vugs). Detailed information about the the samples used, the location and general geological background of the samples and the analytical methods are provided in the data description file (2019-001_Codeco-et-al_data-description.pdf).
      • Metadata_Name: DIF
      • Metadata_Version: 9.8.2
  • escidoc:  /  download xml
    • resource
      • title (xml:lang=en): Trace elements in white mica and tourmaline from the Panasqueira W-Sn-Cu deposit (Portugal)
      • creator
        • creatorName: Codeço, Marta S.
        • givenName: Marta S.
        • familyName: Codeço
        • nameIdentifier (nameIdentifierScheme=ORCID): 57195357716
        • affiliation: GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences, Potsdam, Germany
      • creator
        • creatorName: Weis, Philipp
        • givenName: Philipp
        • familyName: Weis
        • nameIdentifier (nameIdentifierScheme=ORCID): 0000-0001-8912-0735
        • affiliation: GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences, Potsdam, Germany
      • creator
        • creatorName: Trumbull, Robert B.
        • givenName: Robert B.
        • familyName: Trumbull
        • nameIdentifier (nameIdentifierScheme=ORCID): 0000-0002-1999-4653
        • affiliation: GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences, Potsdam, Germany
      • creator
        • creatorName: van Hinsberg, Vincent
        • givenName: Vincent
        • familyName: van Hinsberg
        • nameIdentifier (nameIdentifierScheme=ORCID): 0000-0003-3288-2610
        • affiliation: Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, McGill University, Montreal, Canada
      • creator
        • creatorName: Pinto, Filipe
        • givenName: Filipe
        • familyName: Pinto
        • nameIdentifier (nameIdentifierScheme=ORCID): 0000-0002-5727-7751
        • affiliation: Beralt Tin & Wolfram (Portugal) S.A., Covilha, Barroca Grande, Portugal
      • creator
        • creatorName: Lecumberri-Sanchez, Pilar
        • givenName: Pilar
        • familyName: Lecumberri-Sanchez
        • nameIdentifier (nameIdentifierScheme=ORCID): 0000-0001-5674-9203
        • affiliation: Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada
      • creator
        • creatorName: Schleicher, Anja Maria
        • givenName: Anja Maria
        • familyName: Schleicher
        • nameIdentifier (nameIdentifierScheme=ScopusID): 12243179500
        • affiliation: GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences, Potsdam, Germany

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